While it is a given that Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is the best way to deal with Pain and Anxiety Disorders, there are various types of CBT available to treat this disorder. It is important to understand the types to decide on the usages of the different categories. Given below are the concerned types for easier comprehension:
- Behaviour Therapy (BT): The basis of all psychoanalytic studies, this process tries to uncover the way people behave and modify the same based on the specific requirements.
- Cognitive Therapy (CT): Cognition is the process of how a person thinks, decodes things and events around him/her. This therapy process is used to change the way people think and provide them a new perspective to deal with the realities around.
- Cognitive and Behaviour Therapy: In fact a unique combination of both the processes, this therapy mechanism tries to understand the thoughts and beliefs of people and thereby insert modifications in the way they behave.
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): Essentially a new model of conducting CBT, this therapy tries to make the patients accept the reality around them. In this case, the patient is helped to deal with all the hypothetical anxiety and fear factors that he/she is in and made committed to a changed set of values based on the practical considerations around him/her.
- Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT): Again a new way of doing CBT, this therapy hasn’t been tried too often and incorporates a lot of complex psychological parameters. It has been found to be extremely useful in situations where traditional models have failed. It has been also used to treat a lot of personal anxiety problems. DBT harps on controlling human emotions.
- Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP): This therapy treats Pain and Anxiety Disorders from a very interpersonal perspective. It is used to make patients feel confident about facing challenging anxiety situations.
- Compassion Informed Psychotherapy: Again a very interpersonal way of conducting the therapy, it is used in very acute and advanced cases.
- Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT): A rather new addition to the array of CBT techniques, this method makes use of mindfulness and thought-reactions.
- Integrative Couples Behavior Therapy (ICBT): A specialized addition, this therapy tries to weed out anxieties and fears amongst couples. Also used to resolve conflicts, its usage has increased over a period of time.
The therapists at the Centre for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Ontario, Canada can enlighten you more about the different types of CPT and suggest which one would be the best option to deal with PTSD.